Dynamic Positive Coaching Psychology is a new approach for creating change based on several premises:

  1. The contemporary crisis of dynamic psychotherapy stemming from  the inadequacy of the Freudian hermeneutic paradigm of interpretation. This paradigm was very effective at the beginning of the last century because it was thought to reveal the truth and bring it to the patient’s awareness through the interpretation of his unconscious processes. The new insights and understanding were powerful vehicles for inner transformation.
  2. Today, the positivist goal of exploring the truth is hardly considered a therapeutic one, since the perception of factual truth has become much less relevant and tangible to psychotherapy. Postmodern views such as social-constructivist, post-structuralist and narrative approaches, and our clinical experience, all deny the prominence of the hermeneutic doctrine. The individual in the 21ST century is looking to shape a new narrative for his life, to establish a richer and more authentic individual sense of identity, and expand his ability to create experiences, which he perceives as more meaningful and valuable.
  3. Today,  intersubjective psychoanalysis relates to both truth and knowledge as relative and contextual-dependent. The contemporary patient does not need to recover from the illness of his unconsciousness, but rather to gain personal meaning, individuation, and authentic life experiences. The aspiration for social adjustment has been replaced by the fear of the development of a normotic, the hyper-normal personality or a false self, characterized, inter alia, by over-adaptation to society.
  4. The time has come for psychotherapy to descend from its ivory tower or the golden bubble of the clinic out into the cruel, skeptical, and cynical social-economic world, in which we live and in which psychotherapy should deal with issues of value crisis, relative truth, and cost-benefit calculations of the therapy.
  5. Dynamic Positive Coaching Psychology combines clinical and experimental knowledge, that developed in the area of psychology during the last 100 years, with the new wave therapies, mindfulness, and new approaches of psychotherapy, positive psychology research, brain research, studies of happiness and coaching techniques.
  6. The aim of Dynamic Positive Psychology is to match psychotherapy to the needs of the 21st century human being who does not suffer from significant psychopathology, in order to create positive change and to help him achieve self-fulfillment and realize his potential.
  7. New brain research on Neurogenesis and Neuroplasticity shows that the brain continuously is changing by forming new activity patterns following the new learning and experiences of the self. Any form of psychotherapy that ignores this fact would be deficient.
  8. Moreover, the final goal of therapy could be construed by the brain characteristics. The brain is an organ that was designed during evolution and whose main aim, in Homo sapiens as in other animals, is improving survival rather than thinking. Other than survival, brain research, new psychological research and the study of animals show that the brain is programmed by natural selection to create rewards; in other words, enjoyment and fulfillment and also to create inter-personal relationships such as love and attachments.
  9. The brain is, of course, also an organ that creates and makes thinking possible for human beings and animals, and cognition enables learning from thoughts and experiences in order to improve survival, rewards and inter-personal connections.
  10. The activity of the brain which occurs 24/7 and is spontaneous, just like the activity of any other organism, happens while sleeping and dreaming or when day dreaming by the automatic pilot.
  11. We can see a parallel between the three aspects of natural activity of the brain that were created by natural selection and between the activities of thee self.
  12. We divide the self into three parts: the high self which includes the high functions of consciousness of abstract thought, decision making, search for meaning and authenticity, self-fulfillment and self-actualization and more.
  13. Another part of the self is the middle self which includes the automatic pilot which is the basis of human instincts and the sum of experiences and what we have learnt during our life. The natural selection created the automatic pilot in order to create patterns of actions which are quick and suited to life in nature. If we are in danger we have to react quickly in order to survive.
  14. The third part of the self is the deep self which includes all the functions of the brain when they exist in the most optimized form without internal or external threats or impediments: In survival mode it consists of security, being assertive, peacefulness and effectiveness. When talking about reward we are including generosity, creativity, self- fulfillment, joy, enthusiasm and fulfillment. Inter-personal connections include caring about, empathy, involvement, belonging, compassion, participation, cooperation and love.
  15. The final goal of therapy could then be construed as enhancing the deep self parameters in its optimal state and assimilating it into the middle self to form spontaneous activity and to the high self to interact it with the individual’s worldview and value system.
  16. For reaching this goal we have to overcome the barriers, obstructive behavior and emotional patterns that block the growth and development of the individual.

 References

  1.  Bollas C. (1993) Being a Character : Psychoanalysis and Self Experience.  Rutledge
  2. Csikszentmihályi M. (2012): Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. Tel Aviv:Opus (in Hebrew)
  3. Damasio A. R. (2003): The Feeling of What Happens. Jerusalem: The Branco-Weiss Institute(in Hebrew)
  4. Edelman, G. M.; Tononi, G. (2000): A Universe of Consciousness. New York: Basic Books
  5. Hanson R. Hardwiring Happiness (2016) Tel Aviv: Matarbooks  (In Hebrew) 
  6. Levy, A. (1998): Beyond the Empty Glass. Tel Aviv: Cherikover Pub. (in Hebrew)
  7. Levy, A. (1992): The Prometheus Molds-Introduction to an Evolutionary Psychology of the Self: Tel Aviv: Cherikover Pub. (in Hebrew)
  8. Levy A. (2018) Norman and the incredible ration into the mindful brain Tel Aviv: Niv pub. (In Hebrew) 
  9. Levy A. The Brain-consciousness knot revisited. Implications for psychopathology, Psychotherapy and Coaching Psychology. Dynamic Psychiatry 2018 1-2 (51) 105-115.
  10. Solms, M.; Turnbull, O. (2005): The Brain and Inner World. Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz Hameuchad (in Hebrew)